If you’ve seen the stories hyping up coupon sites on A Current Affair and in the Daily Telegraph, you will be aware that Australia’s love affair with coupons is only just starting to get hot. But don’t be tempted to jump on the bandwagon before you have read this article!
Without a solid retail strategy in place, coupons can lead to negative margins on volume-driving products, and a loss of control for the advertiser, especially if the offer goes viral. For instance, take Gap in the US and its now-famous Groupon campaign from August last year.
The Power of The Coupon
I want to reassure you that a good coupon strategy can be a valuable addition to your retail program. Coupon sites can drive high volumes of visitors and sales for online retailers by tapping into their large membership bases.
Smart shoppers are seeking out coupons before they commit to a purchase, and researchersFrost & Sullivan predict online spending in Australia will top $12 billion this year – although 25% still goes offshore according to eBay.
When done well, a coupon strategy has the power to upsell customers to a more expensive item and to offer an improved customer experience. It can increase retailer margins and average transaction value (25% higher than pay-per-click search, from dgm research from $12 million of sales). They can also help to ship end-of-life warehouse fillers.
When Coupons Go Wrong
Though Gap garnered plenty of media attention, what was the real cost of their Groupon campaign?
Gap, that iconic US fashion brand, engaged in a coupon offer with deal-of-the-day member website, Groupon, that one can argue was a colossal loss for the retailer. For a $25 voucher, Groupon members could buy $50 worth of Gap clothing and accessories. So while the company made a record US$11 million of coupon sales, it also lost $11 million of potential revenue.
There are questions of whether the retailer could measure customer loyalty or repeat business, the time it took to redeem the offer in stores, not to mention they had no control over the viral offer – and Groupon takes its cut. In fact many believe that the customers who took advantage of the Gap coupon were price-sensitive shoppers who would not normally spend at the retailer.
Industry pundits are doubting whether Gap made any profit at all from the exercise, though there is no doubt they made huge headlines around the US.
Every day more companies jump on the coupon bandwagon with ill-advised strategies that not only devalue the product offering, but go beyond what is sustainable as a business.
The belief that offering a discount as an incentive to trial a product will lead to future full price sales is not universally true. In fact, in our experience working with retailers to devise coupon programs, it is rarely true. Offering periodic discounts serves price-sensitive customers (which is a different strategy), but it can devalue a product in customers’ minds, and subsequently impede future full-price purchases.
Our extensive experience has led us to develop a range of coupon strategies with our clients, that are not discounts, but rather, upsell techniques.
“Loyalty is what we call it when someone refuses a momentarily better option. If your offering is better, you don’t have loyal customers, you have smart ones.” – Seth Godin
If you want a rule of thumb, a coupon offer should achieve the following:
1. Increase margin on sales.
2. Improve the customer experience through upsell.
3. Incentivise loyalty and repeat purchase.
4. Offer enticing product bundles.
5. Offer free postage.
From pizza to consumer electronics, this is a strategy that works.
Making Coupons Work For You
We have been devising coupon strategies for more than two years, across a wide variety of categories, which has helped us to formulate a set of guidelines that, if adhered to, can make you money from your coupons:
1. Use coupons on high margin products – don’t discount your volume drivers, use coupons to offer customers your higher ticket products or product bundles. This will ensure you never devalue your core products.
2. Structure your offers such as this: “X% off when you spend $Y” where X% off gives you an increased nett margin compared to your average order margin, represented in the following formula: $Y Nett Margin – (X% of $Y) ≥ Average order nett margin
3. Use coupons for upselling – always take the customer up the product range and thus improve their experience.
4. Plan for your coupons to go viral – the very nature of coupons means that coupon sites are community driven and offer powerful word of mouth referrals. Good offers resonate, creating a ripple effect that can generate excellent user-generated content.
5. Ensure your online checkout can reject inactive coupons. Most coupon sites do not remove out of date coupons – it’s your responsibility to make sure your checkout functionality has the ability to reject out of date coupons.
6. Set expiry dates and unique identification to measure redemption. To create a call to action a coupon must have an expiry date and ideally a unique identification number so you can track back exactly where the coupon has come from.
7. Always include stringent ‘Terms and Conditions’ for coupon use, enabling you to to protect yourself (e.g. ‘can only redeem one per household’, ‘only available to the first 50 participants’, etc).
Armed with these fundamentals, hopefully you won’t ‘do a Gap’ and blow a potentially massive amount of revenue with the wrong approach to coupons